Vietnam-China negotiation on territory, border

VOV.VN - The two sides have compared notes on territory and border-related issues as well as bilateral relations over recent years while discussing cooperation orientations to deal with pending issues and further foster relations in 2019 as a contribution to boosting the Vietnam-China comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership.

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A Government-level negotiation on territorial and border issues between Vietnam and China was held in the northern mountainous province of Lao Cai on January 14 under the co-chair of Deputy Foreign Minister Le Hoai Trung, who is General Secretary of the Steering Committee for Vietnam-China Cooperation, and China’s Deputy Foreign Minister Kong and General Secretary of the Steering Committee for China-Vietnam Cooperation Xuanyou.

The duo emphasized the importance of territorial and border issues and related outcomes they have achieved within the framework of their governmental-level negotiations, which aims to carry out agreements between their high-ranking leaders and swiftly tackle arising problems based on international law.

They showed their elation at the positive results in Vietnam-China border management following three legal documents on border, ensuring border stability, security, and social safety and augmenting cooperation for stronger socio-economic development in border areas.

They consented to work hand in hand in the opening and upgrade of border gates and the application of customs facilitation measures in an effort develop their border areas.

They also agreed upon effective implementation of an agreement on cooperation in protecting and tapping tourism resources within the Ban Gioc Waterfall vicinity between Vietnam and China. 

Regarding the maritime issue, both sides underlined the need to comply with important common perceptions reached between senior leaders and the “Agreement on basic principles guiding the settlement of Vietnam-China sea-related issues.”

They concurred to accelerate the settlement of sea issues in line with international law, including the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 (UNCLOS) control well differences, satisfactorily deal with issues at sea, not to complicate the situation, while advancing suitable cooperation and jointly maintaining peace and stability at sea.

The Vietnamese side expressed concern over recent complicated happenings in the East Sea which were detrimental to peace, stability and cooperation in the region.

The pair positively assessed the results of implementing projects on studying and comparing Holocene sediments of the Red River Delta and the Yangtze River Delta, releasing fry and protecting aquatic resources in the Gulf of Tonkin. 

Participants were unanimous in intensifying exchanges to sign an agreement on cooperation in search and rescue at sea soon, and restore the hotline for offshore fishing emergencies.

The two sides agreed to continue to expedite the negotiation process on border delineation and win-win cooperation of working groups on issues at sea. Accordingly, they were of the same mind about determination to optimize the Governmental-level negotiation mechanism through annual meetings, increase the number of meetings between the heads of negotiation teams and promote negotiation mechanisms of working groups on sea-related issues.

At the same time, they consented to continue working with ASEAN state members to comprehensively and effectively realize the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC) and soon finalise the Code of Conduct in the East Sea (COC) in a practical and efficient fashion, helping to maintain peace and stability in the sea. 

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The Vietnamese delegation is headed by Deputy Foreign Minister Le Hoai Trung (third from left), who is General Secretary of the Steering Committee for Vietnam-China Cooperation.

During the event, the Deputy Foreign Ministers held a meeting reviewing the two countries’ ties in 2018, and discussing the focus of exchange and cooperation in 2019 and bilateral relations related issues.

They agreed that bilateral ties continued growing steadily in 2018 and the two sides maintained regular visits and high-level contacts. Exchanges and cooperation among localities and sectors at all levels and people-to-people exchanges saw remarkable progress.

Both sides concurred to effectively implement high-level perceptions and agreement, maintain visits and meetings between Party and State leaders, realize exchange and cooperative mechanisms to make it easier for Vietnamese farm produce to enter the Chinese market, and boost result-oriented cooperative fields in 2019.

They pledged to support and incentivize localities to increase exchanges and win-win cooperation and well organize friendship activities as the way of enhancing friendship, mutual trust and understanding between people.

On the occasion, Secretary of the Lao Cai Party Committee Nguyen Van Vinh received the two delegations and examined ways to further cooperation between Lao Cai and Yunnan as well as the two nations ’border localities.