The peaceful settlement of international disputes represents one of the most basic principles of international law, Ambassador Anh said, adding that countries can choose from a variety of dispute settlement methods set out in the provisions of the UN Charter. This includes the arbitration mechanism, with all nations having obligations to comply with and implement decisions and judgments of international jurisdiction agencies.
The country has also contributed ideas to many legal processes at the ICJ, with high hopes that the court will continue supporting the improvement of capacity of countries which make use of arbitration and jurisdiction mechanisms to resolve disputes.
Regarding the Trust Fund for the Judicial Fellowship Programme of the ICJ, the Vietnamese diplomat affirmed that the country expects the trust fund to come into operation soon. This will be done in an effort to support law students graduating from developing countries to practice at the court, thereby serving to contribute to improving the international legal capacity of these states.
Judge Joan E. Donoghue, president of the ICJ, said the court has been seised of three new contentious cases since August 1, 2020, which is the starting date of the period covered by the report. Indeed, the court has held hybrid hearings in nine cases and delivered five judgments during the same period, whilst there are currently four cases under deliberation, she added.
Representatives from over 60 countries also delivered speeches at the event, in which they affirmed that the ICJ plays an important role in the peaceful settlement of disputes through adjudicating cases between states. In addition, they also provide advisory opinions at the request of the UN General Assembly, the UN Security Council, and several UN agencies under the provisions of the UN Charter.
Through its judicial function, the court has made an important contribution to promoting the observance of the UN Charter and international law, along with the sustainable development, peace, security, and stability in the world.