The Dao Xa village in Dong Lo commune, Ung Hoa district, Hanoi, also produces other traditional instruments, such as the “dan bau” (a single-stringed instrument), “dan nguyet” (full-moon-shaped guitar with two strings) and “dan nhi” (upright two-string fiddle).
To produce one, the appropriate wood must be selected, and most work is done by hand from shaping the body, attaching the neck to the body to fitting the strings and the final decoration.
Dao Xa village is a very common name of many villages in rural northern Vietnam. Manyvillages are named Dao Xa village traditional identity or the historical cultural attractions.
The village, which was recognized as a traditional craft village in 2009, has its products sold in every locality across the country and attracted crowds of international and domestic tourists, but the aging artisans are worried the craft will die out one day in the near future.
74-year-old Dao Van Soan-one of the top craftsmen in the village said that it took a lot of patience, skill and energy for an artisan to complete an instrument such as a “dan ty ba” (a pear-shaped guitar with four strings) or “dan thap luc” (Vietnamese 16-chord zither).
According to Soan, the most important and difficult work is to check the instrument’s pitch and the sound quality. Soan voiced concern over the possible loss of the 200-year-old traditional craft, saying that only ten households in the village still continue to produce the instruments. Most of the craftsmen are old and the young generations prefer to do other better-paid jobs, he added.
Classes have been organized to teach local youngsters how to make traditional musical instruments. The village craftsmen have also focused on making the products that meet clients’ demand to ensure a stable income.