Trade surplus: Joy and anxiety

The General Statistics Office (GSO) has announced there was an excess of exports over imports of US$2.8 billion in the first 11 months of the year. However, this was overshadowed by the fact that most of the reports came from FIEs, while domestic enterprise contributions were modest.

trade surplus: joy and anxiety hinh 0

In the first 11 months of the year,  foreign invested enterprises (FIE) exports accounted for 72.6% of total export value of Vietnam, while imports accounted for 60%. The trade surplus from FIEs reached US$26.2 billion, an increase of 33% over the same period last year.

Samsung, Foxconn, LG, Panasonic and Intel are among the biggest exporters. Samsung Vietnam alone plans to earn US$50 billion from exports. It exported US$40 billion worth of products last year.

A report from CIEM (Central Institute for Economic Management) shows that the country’s electronics industry has been witnessing a high growth rate of over 30% per annum since 2013. 

Vietnam has become the 12th largest electronics exporter in the world and the third in South East Asia.

However, the problem is that domestic enterprises are mostly ‘out of the game’. In 2016, FIE electronic exports accounted for 95% of total electronic exports and 96.6% of phone and phone accessories exports.

FIEs are also major exporters in textile & garments and footwear, key export items of Vietnam. 

FIEs make up 60-65% of total value of the textile & garment industry. The business field attracts a high amount of FDI with US$5 billion worth of capital registered in the last five years, according to FIA (Foreign Investment Agency).

Similarly, in the footwear industry, according to MOIT (Ministry of Industry and Trade), more than 80% of export value belongs to FIEs.

A report from GDC (General Department of Customs) found that 90% of turnover from machine, equipment and components is from FIEs. 

FIEs lead in the top five export business fields. In a survey conducted by VCCI (Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry), seven dong out of every 10 dong worth of export turnover is from FIEs.

Meanwhile, Vietnamese enterprises have great advantages in the export of farm produce and seafood. Most of the names in the list of top 10 seafood exporters are Vietnamese companies. 

The ‘Vietnamese hallmark’ can also be seen in the export of wooden furniture (Vietnamese exports account for more than 50% of total export turnover in the industry), cashew nuts (export turnover in the first 11 months far exceeded the turnover in 2016), and vegetables & fruit (US$3.2 billion).


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