Vietnam’s GDP grew at 5.42% in 2013, approaching the 5.5% set target for 5.5% and higher than 2012’s 5.25%.
Vietnam’s General Statistics Office (GSO) Director Nguyen Bich Lam is reasonably content the trend accords with long-term socio-economic development goals, especially considering the Government’s macroeconomic stability priorities. Slower growth is part of its policy strategy.
Lam says economic restructuring that favours the quality of growth over its magnitude will help Vietnam secure consistent, steady development.
Industrial production showed sign of recovery in 2013. The Index of Industrial Production (IPP) rose 7.4%, much higher than 2012’s 5.5% improvement. The processing and manufacturing industry accounted for more than 70% of added value.
Nearly half of the value of industrial production came from the foreign direct investment (FDI) sector. Impressive IPP improvements of 9–22% were seen in FDI businesses manufacturing textiles, drinks, clothes, electronics, computers, and leather. Exports also grew by more than 20%.
The increases in FDI production promote growth, expand export markets, and generate jobs. It demonstrates the health of Vietnam’s investment environment and its attractiveness to foreign investors. But added value remains low because of manufacturing’s and assembly’s reliance on imported input materials.
The manufacturing and processing industry’s consumption index is also following positive trends, rising from 1.5% in 2011 and 3.6% in 2012 to 9.2% in eleven months of 2013.
By December 1, 2013, the manufacturing and processing industry’s stockpiling index had risen 10.2% above the previous year’s levels—another positive sign.
Statistics indicate domestic manufacturing lags behind in growth, management, competitiveness, and professionalism. Support industries and input material production is still substandard.
Sustainable development depends on high productivity, investment, and competitiveness in both the domestic and FDI sectors.
Lam acknowledges the Government’s 5.8% growth target is a major challenge in 2014. Achieving its nine specific tasks will require united and assiduous efforts from all ministries and departments.
World prices, rising levels of investment, and the forecast spikes in the costs of commodities will affect the Consumer Price Index in 2014.
The lessons learned from recent macroeconomic management experiences, together with monetary and fiscal policy flexibility, should keep a 2014 inflation rate below 7% well within reach.