The vital economic zones are the administrative boundaries of seven provinces and cities, including Hanoi, Bac Ninh, Hung Yen, Hai Duong, Vinh Phuc, Hai Phong and Quang Ninh.
The plan estimates that the total amount of solid waste released until 2020 will reach nearly 39,000 tonnes per day, including 2,940 tonnes of harmful waste.
In the period from 2021-2030, the figure is forecast to amount to more than 59,600 tonnes per day, including more than 4,300 tonnes of toxic solid waste.
In order to treat such an amount of solid waste, a waste treatment plant will be built in Soc Son district of Hanoi, covering 257ha with a capacity of around 6,000 tonnes per day. The plant will receive and treat normal solid waste for Hanoi and harmful waste for Hanoi, Vinh Phuc, Bac Ninh and Hung Yen.
The plan will also define five other solid waste treatment facilities at the provincial level to provide treatment services for localities with a capacity of 11,500 tonnes per day.
Under the plan, solid waste treatment facilities must meet certain standards, such as being located to ensure environmental safety and having measures to mitigate impacts on the environment.
According to a report from the Centre for Environmental Monitoring Portal, under the Vietnam Environment Administration, solid waste from big cities and industrial zones stood at the highest level, some 50.8 tonnes, or 22.1 percent of the country’s total.
Vietnamese people in urban areas account for about 35 percent of the total population, and are responsible for the discharge of some 32,000 tonnes of solid waste into the environment per day, the report said.
The report, released in late 2015, said in 2014 alone, about 84.5 percent of solid waste had been treated, an increase of 3 percent compared to 2010.
Furthermore, 26 solid waste disposal factories, on a total area of 342ha and with a capacity of 6,015 tonnes per day, were set up in the past six years.
Expenditure for the treatment of solid waste is partly paid by the Government. Currently, it provides support of between 240,000 VND and 400,000 VND (roughly 11 to 18 USD) per tonne for waste treatment.
Financial support has also been received from the urban hygiene fund and private investment.