The figures were released at a conference held in Hanoi on December 17 by the General Statistics Office (GSO) and the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) to announce the 2014 Vietnam Intercensal Population and Housing Survey (IPS).
The IPS showed that over the past five years, Vietnam’s population increased by 4,646,355, or 929,271 annually (up 1.06% in the 2009 – 2014 period). The total fertility rate was at 2.09 children per woman.
Ho Chi Minh City has a population of 7.955 million, ranking first, followed by Hanoi (7.067 million) and Thanh Hoa province (3.491 million).
The sex ratio at birth was 112.2 male births for every 100 female births, higher than 2009’s figures (110.5 boys/100 girls).
Around 33.1% of Vietnam’s total population are living in urban areas, which saw an annual population growth of 3.3% due to migration and urbanization.
The total dependency ratio was at 44%, and this demonstrated that Viet Nam is still in a period of 'golden population structure'.
Proportion of population aged above 65 accounted for 7.1%, and the aging population ratio hit 44.6%, which affirmed that Vietnam is approaching the period of aging population structure.
The IPS also revealed that Vietnam obtained remarkable achievement in the literacy cause and people’s living standard.
Housing status also improved considerably, with 46.6% of households having permanent houses. Housing area per capita was approximately 20.6 square metre on average – 23.0 square metre/person in urban areas, and 19.5 square metre in rural areas.