The act of public littering is subject to a fine of VND3-VND5 million (US$134-US$223), the fiat says.
Those who litter on the streets, sidewalks or into drainage systems will pay an even higher fine of VND5-VND7 million (US$223-US$313).
People who put away cigarette butts in undesignated areas at condominiums, shopping malls or other public places will be fined between VND500,000 (US$22.5)and VND1 million (US$45).
Public urination and defecation will also be subject to penalties of VND1-VND3 million (US$45-US$134), according to the new decree. The old penalty for such an illegal act is from VND200,000 (US$8.7) to VND300,000 (US$13).
The new fines are between five and 25 times higher than those previously enforced in Vietnam, as the highest penalty for such actions were only set at VND500,000 ($22.5), a sum many had deemed ineffective in raising public awareness of environmental protection.
Local experts have aired support for the heftier penalties for public urination and littering, saying that the harsher punishments are necessary for combating such illegal behaviors.