The census on the socio-economic situation of Vietnam’s 53 ethnic minority groups was carried out in 5,468 mountainous and ethnic minority-inhabited communes nationwide in October 2019, by the General Statistics Office (GSO) and the Committee for Ethnic Minority Affairs.
It found that 99.5% of the communes have medical facilities, and most of roads linking the communes and district centres, and between villages have been concretised.
The rate of out-of-school children reduced from 26.4% in 2009 to 15.5% last year. Meanwhile, the rate of ethnic minority people aged 15 and over who know how to read and write was 80.9%, up 1.7 percentage points as compared with 2015.
As of April 1, 2019, there were 3.7 million ethnic minority households, making up 13.7% of the national number, with most of them in rural areas.
The rate of poor and near-poor households has remained high in these localities, at 35.5%, 3.5 times higher than the national average, according to the census which is conducted every five years.
Do Van Chien, Minister-Chairman of the Committee, said the census results will serve as a legal foundation to assess the implementation of policies on ethnic affairs in 2015-2020, and the socio-economic development strategy in 2011-2020, and build a socio-economic development strategy by 2030.