“A Vietnamese household pays only some VND20,000 (US$0.9) for waste treatment per month,” Tung said at the recent unveiling of the National Environment Report for 2011-2015. “I don’t think there is any other country that charges a lower waste management fee than that.”
“The same happens with wastewater treatment. Each household is paying only VND800 (US$0.04) per cubic metre,” he said. This equals some VND5,000 (US$0.2) per month, based on the construction ministry’s domestic water supply standard in 2006. “Such amount is not enough for agencies to treat all the wastewater. They need to rely on the Government for financial support."
|The National Environment Report for 2011-2015 was released on Thursday by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. (Photo monre.gov.vn)
According to the report, only 3%-5% of some 900 industrial clusters in the country have common treatment plants. The rest are either treating wastewater with their own systems or releasing it straight into the environment.
“It costs hundreds of dollars to build a common treatment plant, so industrial clusters can’t depend solely on the Government’s budget,” Tung said.
The report also mentions that industrial development activities had been creating pressures on the environment. For example, the Formosa disaster caused by the Formosa Ha Tinh Steel Corporation earlier this year affected the four central provinces of Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien – Hue, damaging the marine environment and the tourism industry.
The country failed to reach most of its environmental goals, even though the National Assembly and the Government issued various decrees and resolutions to support them, the report says.
Only one out of six goals was reached in the last four years, reflecting the percentage of cases of serious environmental pollution that were resolved.
The reasons behind this pattern of failure include enterprises’ lack of interest in waste treatment, ineffective inspections and a shortage of environmental management officials.
“There are only 11 officials in charge of all environmental issues of the Central Highlands (some 54.000sq.km),” Tung said. “They are overloaded with work. We need to recruit more officials specialising in environmental management to serve in local areas.”
According to the report, the five other environmental goals that were not realised are: 1) the ratio of forest coverage, 2) the percentage of urban dwellers with access to clean water, 3) the percentage of rural residents with access to clean water, 4) the percentage of industrial zones and industrial clusters with qualified common effluent treatment plants, and 5) the percentage of solid waste treated.