In the second quarter, there were 6,534 units launched from 19 projects in Hanoi, down by 20% year-on-year. Launched projects in this quarter are mostly located in the West and North of the city, accounting for 53% and 25% of total new launched units, respectively.
Notably, there were three new projects in the high-end segment including D’Eldorado 2, Starlake and Vinhomes West Point, all located in a prime position, which drew positive market attention.
However, the share of the high-end segment increased from 15% in the first quarter of this year to 37% in the second quarter.
In terms of sales performance, 5,900 units were sold during the second quarter, down by 22% from last year.
The second quarter of the year is the time when developers typically review current products and prepare for new products to launch at the end of the year. The slower launching speed also allows the market to absorb unsold units, An said.
In terms of pricing, the average selling price from developers in the second quarter of this year was recorded at US$1,332 per sq.m, down by 0.4% quarter-on-quarter but up by 0.4% year-on-year.
There were slight adjustments up and down from between 0.3% and 1.5% across different market segments during this quarter. The three above-mentioned projects have increased the average primary price of the high-end segment by 1.5% over last year.
The luxury segment in Hanoi is quite small, so prices were unchanged. The mid-end and affordable segments were more competitive due to the large demand in the market, so prices fluctuated.
“This is a good signal because the market is stable. The second quarter of this year is considered as a period of adjustment in the Hanoi property market before entering a new development stage,” said CBRE Vietnam Managing Director Dang Phuong Hang.
In 2018, CBRE forecasted there would be 32,000 units launched in Hanoi - a decrease of 10% from 2017. The decrease in launched supply allows the market to absorb current inventory, which is a positive signal for the market. This shows that developers are more experienced in developing residential projects and analysing market conditions, An said.
In the second quarter, many foreign investors also paid attention to Vietnam’s property market, helping local investors raise capital, as lenders and foreign investors looked favorably on the real estate industry and interest rates of loans were on the rise, she said.
Remarkably, An said the local real estate sector has been under great pressure from the increase in interest rates of banking loans.
Meanwhile, the State Bank of Vietnam has increased the risk index of banking loans for the property sector from 150% to 200%. The risk index could surge to 250% in 2019.
The State Bank of Vietnam would reduce the volume of short-term capital used for medium and long-term loans from 50% to 45% in 2018 and possibly to 40% in 2019. Meanwhile, interest rates of banking loans for the property sector may increase by 1- 2% due to higher pressure from other factors such as oil prices and the increase of the US dollar price, she said.
To deal with those difficulties in getting capital, property investors have diversified their capital mobilisation channels such as listing on the stock exchange and issuing international bonds, she said. Those have promised to be good channels to mobilise capital to help the investors not depend on the banking loans.
Regarding the market prospects, An said in the second half of this year, the Hanoi market was expected to develop property products with diversification in scale, functions and landscape because the people’s demand for buying condominiums will continue to grow in the coming time.
The requirements of buyers at present are also different from seven to 10 years ago. Buyers typically have carefully considered property products before deciding to buy one property product. Therefore, the market is expected to have new property products using clean energy and smart home appliances in the future. The price may be stable with fluctuation at 1-3%.