Despite concerns by shareholders, banks have still tried mergers and acquisitions (M&As) with ailing financial companies, whose non-performing loans even rose to between 30% and 40%. The move for M&As between banks and financial companies has become a major trend this year.
In 2015, Techcombank, Maritime Bank and VP Bank bought Vietnam Chemical Finance JSC (VCFC), Textile Finance JSC (TFC) and Vietnam Coal and Mineral Industries Financial Company, respectively, while the HCM City Housing Development Joint Stock Bank (HDBank) and the Japanese Credit Saison Company Ltd also formed the HD Saison Finance.
Many other banks such as Vietinbank, BIDV, and Vietcombank, along with Sacombank and ACB have also planned to set up financial companies or own financial companies through M&As.
Industry insiders said that M&As with financial companies was the shortest measure to help banks meet the central bank's regulations to qualify to be a part of the profitable consumer lending market in the future.
According to a draft circular from the central bank, which is expected to be issued soon, commercial banks are required to establish financial companies if they want to venture into consumer lending.
Currently, commercial banks can provide consumer credit, which is considered to be a high-risk venture.
Besides an expectation to help the consumer lending market develop more transparently and healthily through enhancing risk supervision and governance, the central bank also hoped that the draft regulations would speed up the restructuring of the current ailing financial companies.
Representatives from the central bank said that they would restrict the establishment of new foreign financial companies in the next few years to support local commercial banks in their M&As with financial companies.
It means that foreign financial companies would have to join hands with financial companies owned by domestic commercial banks right at this stage if they wish find a presence in Vietnam's profitable consumer financial market.
Due to the advantages, Do Quang Hien, chairman of SHB, which has merged with Viettel-Vinaconex Financial Company, said that his bank had to make greater efforts to compete against other rivals to get the financial company.
Right after the merger Hien said that a foreign partner had asked SHB to buy stakes in the new financial company.
SHB needed foreign strategic partners who were competent in technologies to join in the governance of the financial company, Hien said.
Luu Trung Thai, vice chairman of the Military Bank (MB), also said after completing a merger with the Song Da Financial Company this year, MB would find foreign strategic partners to support the new financial company. MB might sell up to 49% of the financial company's stakes.
Previously, other commercial banks such as VP Bank and HD Bank, which also resorted to M&As with financial companies, have also found foreign strategic partners to run the new financial companies.
After the acquisition of the Vietnam National Coal – Mineral Finance Company last year, and the change in its name to the VP Bank Financial Company, the company also announced the sale of 49% of the new company's stakes.
HD Bank also successfully sold 49% of its HD Finance for Japan's Credit Saison.
Experts said that foreign investors were very interested in Vietnam's consumer financial market.
Director and general manager of overseas business at Credit Saison Katsumi Mizuno said that Vietnam was a high potential target for consumer credit thanks to its youth population and a low proportion of the country's population using banking and financial services.
Besides, experts said, it would be easy for foreign investors to earn profits from consumer lending in Vietnam thanks to their cheap and abundance capital sources.
Meanwhile, local commercial banks prefer to join hands with foreign partners to run their financial companies as their governance, technologies and services in the consumer credit remain weak.