Nguyen Ba Minh, Director of the Institute of Economics and Finance, said the average consumer price index (CPI) in 2022 will increase roughly 2-3 % compared to 2021.
Inflation in 2022 will be well controlled as it will be difficult for global raw material prices to increase significantly due to the complicated spread of new variant Omicron, trade wars and political conflicts in the world.
Purchasing power in the domestic market will be still weak because the income of workers has been reduced, as production stagnated during the pandemic.
Minh forecast gasoline prices to be stable at between US$65 and US$80 per barrel.
He explained if the oil price increases sharply, the US will increase the supply of shale oil. At that time, the US will gain the oil market share of OPEC and OPEC countries, meaning the latter will then have to increase the supply to cause oil prices to fall again.
Discussing pork prices in 2022, Minh said the domestic supply of pork is quite abundant. The product’s price has decreased sharply compared to December 2020 and will also be stable at between VND45,000 and VND60,000 per kg until the end of 2022.
Expert Nguyen Duc Do also agreed that CPI in 2022 will remain at a low level. Though the economy is recovering, the output of 2022 will still be below potential.
If Vietnam’s GDP in 2022 grows by 6.5 %, the Government’s target, or even 8-9 % as some forecast, the average GDP growth rate in the 2020-2022 period is only at 4-5 %, much lower than 6 % in the 2011-2020 period, he explained.
However, experts said controlling inflation in 2022 will not be easy as the index can increase quite high from the beginning of this year, in the wake of the global economic recovery and commodity prices on an upward trend.
The economic recovery in 2022, under the impacts of economic development support packages, will cause consumption and investment demands to increase, putting pressure on prices.
Experts suggested pandemic prevention will provide the prerequisite for production and market stability to keep CPI under 4 % this year, as set by the National Assembly.
According to economist Ngo Tri Long, should closely monitor supply and demand sources in the domestic market, especially before Lunar New Year, to take appropriate measures to control prices.
At the event, representatives from the Ministry of Finance’s Price Management Department said the department will closely monitor the world’s economic developments and inflation, promptly taking effective action in managing domestic production and balancing local supply and demand in a move to successfully control inflation right from the first months of 2022.