Tran Viet Thang, General Director of the Vietnam Cement Industry Corporation (VICEM), said the increasing input material and fluctuating foreign exchange rate have brought difficulties for cement exporters.
“Vietnamese cement has been under pressure both in terms of price and supply in comparison with China, Thailand, Indonesia and Japan in the region,” Thang said, adding that these factors could directly affect domestic cement production.
|Inside a La Hien Cement Joint Stock Company factory (Photo: vietnamnet.vn)
He said the Government’s Decree No 100/2016/NÐ-CP stipulates that exported cement products are not eligible to enjoy input value-added tax (VAT). In addition, the product is imposed 5% export tax.
The taxes have made the export cost increase by US$4.5 per tonne of clinker and US$7.5 per tonne of cement based on average Free-on-board (FOB) prices of US$30 and US$50, respectively.
Nguyen Quang Cung, Chairman of the Vietnam Cement Association, said the cement export amount last year was reduced by 5.9% from the previous year.
Notably, since the middle of 2016, the cement export prices were reduced around US$10 per tonne from the end of 2015.
“Many cement producers could face risks of halting their production or bankruptcy if the Government does not create timely solutions to unknot these difficulties,” Cung said.
He added that members of the Southeast Asian Cement Association in a meeting in October voiced that the tax policies could reduce Vietnam’s cement competitiveness in the international market.
Lawyer Le Dinh Vinh, Director of Vietthink Law Firm, said VAT and export tax have been indirect taxes imposed on the consumers.
“If we impose a high export tax, purchasing power will be reduced,” Vinh said.
The Government has enhanced collection of direct taxes and reduced indirect taxes, a move that has been suitable with the world’s trend and the country’s reality.
Increasing export tax has been considered against the Government’s guidelines.
Vietnam set an annual export target of 20%-35% of the country’s total cement and clinker capacity by the year of 2030.
Vietnam’s cement output is expected to reach 120-130 million tonnes a year by 2020, while local consumption was estimated at 93 million tonnes, making a possible redundancy of around 25 to 35 million tonnes.
By the end of last year, the cement industry’s total designed capacity reached 88 million tonnes a year.
However, some cement projects which are expected to become operational in 2018 would bring the country’s total designed capacity to 108 million tonnes a year.
In 2016, cement and clinker exports were over 14.73 million tonnes or US$561 million, reducing 7.1% and 16% in terms of quantity and value, respectively from the previous year. The Philippines and Bangladesh have been Vietnam’s two largest cement importers.