The plan, which the provincial agriculture department says will be completed by 2020, will expand the province’s dragon fruit-growing area from its current 9,200ha. The new cultivation area will produce pesticide-free dragon fruits.
According to the provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, 80% of Long An’s dragon fruit is sent to the Chinese market. Fifteen percent is consumed domestically, and the rest is sent to Japan, Thailand, the US and Europe.
|Long An aims to up dragon fruit exports (Photo cafef.vn)
The price of dragon fruit in the Chinese market is considered unstable and determined by traders, so farmers would like to sell to a broader range of markets. Therefore, it is necessary to invest in different production methods that will allow the fruit to meet the standards set by importers like Japan, the US and the EU.
In order to expand the dragon fruit-export market, the province has made detailed plans to develop growing areas according to GlobalGAP and VietGAP standards.
Thanks to these strategic directions, Long An dragon fruits have been accepted by foreign markets such as Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and Taiwan (China), all of which have strict standards for produce safety.
In order to implement the plan, the district developed two 5ha clean dragon fruit-growing models at the two cooperatives of Long Hoi and Tam Vu last year. The models grow dragon fruit following VietGAP (Vietnam Good Agricultural Practices) standards, using organic fertilizers, bio-fertilizers, bio-products and insect traps.
This year, the district has implemented six pilot models with a total area of 145.2 ha. At the pilot sites, staff have guided farmers to use organic fertilizers, bio-fertilizers, probiotics and advanced technology for grafting.
Another pilot area in Long Tri commune applies an advanced irrigation system for dragon fruit trees on acreage of 5,000 sq.m.
Nguyen Van Phi, a farmer who was participating in a pilot dragon fruit project at An Luc Long commune, said that using the VietGAP-standard model was costly but the consumption market was guaranteed.
Phi said all the dragon fruits produced at An Luc Long commune’s pilot project were purchased by Hoang Phat Ltd. Co.
Vo Van Van, head of Chau Thanh district’s Agriculture Office, said the local agricultural sector has implemented VietGAP standards on 700ha of dragon fruit cultivation area, with the participation of 1,800 families.
"Although the implementation of the project has coped with difficulties, including a lack of fertilizer storage, pesticides and the field-cleaning process, I believe that the project is moving in the right direction," he said.
Le Van Hoang, Director of the provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said that in the current market, farmers must move to clean agriculture and high technology, aiming at stabilizing output and improving the value of their products.
However, according to the department, the expansion of the clean dragon fruit-growing model is difficult because it requires a large amount of money from farmers who want to participate in the project.
For example, the model at Long Tri commune asked farmers to contribute 70% of the total investment, while the Central budget covered 30%.
The province also has no policy or budget to implement the VietGAP dragon fruit projects.
According to Pham Van Canh, Vice Chairman of the Long An provincial People’s Committee, the province will direct the agriculture department and grass-roots authorities to guide farmers and enterprises to improve production capacity and pack dragon fruits according to export standards.
Currently, Chau Thanh district is home to four companies, three enterprises, four cooperatives and 107 gardens involved in dragon fruit production.
Most companies buying the fruits for export have contracts with export companies in Binh Thuan province and HCM City.