|A Hapro retail store in Quang Ninh Province (Source: VNA)
According to the Ministry of Finance, 35 of total 127 State-owned enterprises (SOEs) targeted by Decision 991, which was issued by the Prime Minister in July 2017, have executed their equitisation plans for the 2017-20 period.
At the same time, 88 of 403 SOEs have sold the required State stakes in their capital in accordance with the Prime Minister’s Decision 1232 issued August 2017.
At this pace, Government agencies and SOEs have lagged behind the schedule and land use is blamed for the failure.
For example, 20 SOEs have failed to execute their equitisation plans in the last two years though they were assisted in carrying out evaluation reports, Phan Van Ha, general director of the Vietnam Valuation IVC JSC, said.
Conflicts and overlaps among legal documents on land use right certificates are the cause of delayed equitisation plans, she said. For example, SOEs need to acquire provincial confirmation of their land use before finalising equitisation plans.
However, the process may take months and often exceeds the regulated time period for SOE equitisation, so both SOEs and evaluators must re-do the reports, she said.
In some cases, land use right certificates are not counted into the firms’ evaluations, making it more difficult for Ha’s company to evaluate the businesses.
According to Dr Ngo Tri Long, former director of the Ministry of Finance’s Price and Market Research Institute, land use right is among the decisive factors that make SOEs valuable to investors, especially local ones.
If the issues related to land use right are not resolved soon, SOEs’ equitisation plans will be delayed and it could mean more losses for the State budget, he said.
To resolve land issues, the Vietnam Valuation and Financial Services JSC’s general director Vu An Khang suggested the Government remove the rule on evaluating the firm’s annual land lease fee to make regulations comply with each other.
In addition, the Government must issue rules to evaluate land areas whether they are located in more expensive areas or not, so that the State would not suffer losses, he said.