This decrease in pepper prices is attributable to low demand from foreign importers and the increased selling of pepper by China, the MoIT's Import and Export Department said.
Moreover, concerns relating a second outbreak of the COVID-19 has served to hit import demand, with India and other importers moving to reduce their purchases of pepper, leading to difficulties for pepper exports on the back of an abundant pepper supply sources.
The statistics released by the General Department of Vietnam Customs indicate that the nation was able to ship 25,000 tonnes of pepper worth US$56 million abroad in June, representing a year-on-year fall of 18.5% in volume and 25.5% in value.
Furthermore, the first half of the year saw pepper exports reach 172,000 tonnes, a decrease of 2.9% in volume and 19% in value against the same period from last year.
Whilst the average export price of pepper in June enjoyed a surge of 11.6% to US$2,240 per tonne compared to May, it decreased by 8.6% compared to June last year, resulting in a drop of 16.6% to US$2,127 per tonne in the average export price during the first half of the year.
According to the Vietnam Pepper Association, due to the recent spell of low pepper export prices, proper attention has not been paid to some pepper growing areas which has led to many plants withering and dying.
Last year saw the country’s pepper growing area reach 140,000 hectares, with this year’s output decreasing by roughly 15% to 240,000 tonnes.
The pepper output for next year is projected to continue experiencing a downward trend with growers failing to invest in taking care of their pepper plants.
In addition, this year is predicted to mark a difficult period for the pepper industry due to the devastating impacts caused by the coronavirus pandemic globally. Despite this negative outlook, the nation remains the world's leading pepper exporter with approximately 85% of pepper output being for export and only between 10% and 15% for domestic consumption.