According to Deputy Head of the Party Central Committee’s Economic Commission Nguyen Huu Nghia, Hanoi plays an important role in the northern key economic region and in improving regional links.
It was necessary for the capital city to promote regional economic development, Nghia said, adding that the focus should be placed on attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) on offer due to the global shift of value chains pushed by the COVID-19 pandemic.
An important factor was developing the urban infrastructure system, said Tran Quoc Cuong, Deputy Head of the Party Central Committee’s Commission for Internal Affairs.
Cuong said Hanoi had seen considerable infrastructure development in recent years, mostly in the capital city’s northern and western parts. Cuong said more attention should be paid to developing the infrastructure system in the city’s south.
He said that Hanoi should consider building an airport in the southern region to reduce the pressure on Noi Bai International Airport and contribute to developing the economic triangles Hanoi – Hai Phong – Quang Ninh and Hanoi – Thanh Hoa – Nghe An.
Nguyen Mai, Chairman of the Vietnam Association of Foreign Investment Enterprises, said what was important to Hanoi now was not how much FDI the city attracted but the quality of the investment.
To compete with other countries in attracting FDI, Mai said Hanoi in particular and Vietnam must hasten administrative reforms to create favourable conditions for investors.
In addition, Hanoi must focus on developing a skilled labour force and tackling traffic congestion and environment pollution, Mai said.
Besides, attention should be paid to improving the infrastructure system and building industrial zones with developed infrastructure systems and logistics services.
According to the municipal Department of Planning and Investment, the capital city is now more selective in attracting FDI.
The capital city is developing FDI attraction strategies for specific markets, with the Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, the US, the EU, Australia and New Zealand key target markets.
“Hanoi will focus on calling for FDI in large-scale projects and highly competitive products and those which promote small and medium-sized enterprises to engage in the global value chains of multinational corporations, through which, the city will receive technology transfer and could develop the support industries,” said Nguyen Manh Quyen, Director of the municipal Department of Planning and Investment.
Hanoi aims to attract US$30-40 billion in registered FDI in 2021-2025 period with the disbursed capital of around US$20-30 billion. Projects which used advanced technologies to increase operational efficiency and protect the environment are set to make up 50% in 2025 and 100% by 2030. The local procurement rate is expected to increase to more than 30% in 2025 and 40% in 2030.
Quyen said the capital would enhance investment promotion, support investors in implementing their projects and protect their rights.
In addition, e-government would be developed to reduce time and costs for enterprises while the city would act to increase investors’ access to land.
He said the city was speeding up the construction of infrastructure in industrial zones and industrial clusters. Statistics showed the city had 17 industrial zones and 107 industrial clusters.
Hanoi has been among top localities in attracting FDI in recent years. In 2018 and 2019, the capital city ranked first out of 63 provinces and cities in Vietnam in FDI attraction with registered capital of US$7.5 billion and US$8.67 billion, respectively.
In the first seven months of this year, Hanoi attracted around US$2.82 billion in FDI and the city expects to attract US$5 billion for the full year.