|Banks boosted lending in retail segments in H1, causing a rise in bad debts. (Photo zing.vn)
Latest financial statements of 21 banks showed their total non-performing loans (NPLs) rose by nearly 7 trillion VND (300.4 million USD) against the beginning of this year to nearly 85.75 trillion VND by the end of June.
Of the total NPLs, subprime debts had the highest growth of 22 percent while potentially irrecoverable debts increased by 5.2 percent, data on vneconomy.vn showed.
In Vietnam, debts are classified into five groups based on their risk status: Standard Debt, Debt Needing Special Attention, Subprime Debt, Doubtful Debt, and Potentially Irrecoverable Debt.
Regarding the bad debt value, the Bank for Investment and Development of Vietnam (BIDV) had the highest rise in the period with a more than 2.3 trillion VND increase against the beginning of last year.
However, regarding the ratio of NPLs of total outstanding loans, the National Citizen Bank (NCB) topped the list with the ratio up from 1.67 at the beginning of the year to 2.75 percent by the end of June, of which the rise was mainly seen in doubtful debt from 168 billion VND to 443 billion VND.
Experts attributed the rise of bad debts to the high credit growth of the banks in the first half of the year, especially to retail segments such as consumer and home loans that have high net interest margin (NIM) but also high risks.
It was reported that many banks have used up or almost used up their assigned credit growth limit set by the central bank for the whole year. According to banks’ financial statements, nine banks posted a credit growth of more than 10 percent in the period though the central bank set a 14 percent credit growth target for the entire banking system in 2019.
Banking and finance expert Nguyen Tri Hieu said that the main reason for banks’ bad debt increase is that banks’ recovery of bad debts accumulated in the previous years has remained limited while in H1 they continually boosted lending.
According to Hieu, the profit increase of Vietnamese banks heavily depends on credit growth. The risks will be greater for loans with higher profits. These two factors always go hand in hand.
Sharing the same view, Tran Hai Yen from the Bao Viet Securities Company’s Macroeconomic Research Division said that banks now tend to focus on retail activities through the acceleration of consumer loans. This is a potential field that brings high profits because consumer loans are often unsecured with high interest rates, but the possibility to become irrecoverable debts is also high.
Industry insiders said the rise of NPLs in H1 was also partly due to a return of NPLS to banks after five years kept at the Vietnam Asset Management Company (VAMC) but haven’t yet been settled.
According to the central bank’s policy on purchasing bad debts of banks, the VAMC has issued special bonds to debt-selling banks with a term of five years since 2015. If the bond matures but bad debt is not dealt with, it returns to the banks in 2019.
By the end of 2018, an estimated 340 trillion VND of NPLs was bought back by the VAMC with special bonds. However, by the beginning of April 2019, the VAMC only handled 190 trillion VND, accounting for more than 56 percent of the total bad debts bought by this organisation.