Today this belief is widely practised throughout Vietnam and in Vietnamese communities overseas. The exhibition features an altar of Mother Goddesses, the related rites and the position of this belief among Vietnamese people.
Worship of the Mother Goddesses address the concern of daily life and desires for good health and good fortune. Worshippers find great emotional support in their belief and it attracts followers from all parts of society, said Nguyen Thi Bich Van, the museum's director.
Key values of Mother Goddesses worship are introduced through the voices and experiences of worshippers in Hanoi and northern provinces to give visitors a better understanding of the typical Vietnamese folk beliefs.
The exhibition is divided into four sections: the Mother Goddesses, Pure Heart, Joy and Beauty. Each section corresponds to one of four colours identified with the four palaces of the Mother Goddesses religion: Red as Palace of Heaven, White as Palace of Water, Yellow as Palace of Earth and Green as Palace of Mountains and Forests. Each Mother Goddess controls one palace with support from many gods and heroes.
Visitors are sure to be impressed with the exhibition's portrayal of the “hau dong” (mediumship) ritual involving the sophisticated mixture of colours symbolizing the Four Palaces, “chau van” (spiritual singing) and the sacred principles involving the arrangement of the altars, offerings, costumes and jewellery.
"It's expected that through the exhibition, people will understand the cultural value of the Mother Goddesses belief," said Dr Nguyen Van Huy, former director of the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology.
Laurel Kendall, a researcher from the US who helped organize the exhibition, said the hau dong ritual was a type of performing art in which the medium wears beautiful costumes and jewellery, dances and tells stories of the gods and heroes through “chau van” music.
"The Beauty subject of the exhibition reflects the beautiful performances found in Mother Goddesses worship," she said.